Standing committees are permanent legislative panels in the Senate and House of Representatives. Standing committees usually consider bills and issues and recommend measures for consideration by their respective chambers. They also oversee agencies, programs, and activities within their jurisdictions. It is the most common type of committee. The Senate has 16 standing committees out of 20, and the House has 20 standing committees out of 21 total.
House Appropriations Committee, House Budget Committee
Senate Judiciary Committee
Select committees usually investigate an issue. The committee usually expires upon completion of its designated duties.
House Select Committee Surrounding the 2012 Terrorist Attack in Benghazi
Senate Indian Affairs Committee
Senate Aging Committee
Joint committees are mainly standing committees that contain members of both houses.
Joint Economic Committee
Joint Committee on Taxation
When different versions of a bill pass in each house of Congress, their differences must be resolved in a Conference Committee.